Look Champ,

Two truths in markets:
1. Your intelligence, your strength, your effort count for nothing in the face of an unmovable market.
2. Nobody cares. Winning, losing, break even. Heard earned or easy, nobody cares about you.

Despite this, much of the retail or independent trading world is run by ego, bravado and other covers for insecurity that express the reality that they do not understand these two truths.

Don’t be fooled.

There are two warnings here. One is a warning against this false bravado.

If you find yourself scrolling and you see declarations of bravery, beware. This is a lie. No one worth their salt would ever tell you how great they are. Yet, in our modern world of false presentation, this is the main ploy for attention.

Call it what it is. Bravado masking insecurity.

In Markets

You are not a hero.

You are not a champ. You are nothing. You win only because the market allowed it and you lose when you attempt to take it on, mano-a-mano. A great trader needs to be OK with this. Instead of fighting the bus head on, you need to get on the bus and enjoy the ride.

Sure, it’s humbling, but that is the job.

Defend the castle not the street.

99% of what you see publicly is people defending the street. They are out, they are loud, they have a cause. All the while, they leave the castle unguarded. So it it also in markets. If you go out and fight in the street, you leave the castle un-guarded.

You’re primary job is to first guard the castle. Defend it’s walls.

This means you sit tight. You keep your eyes pealed. You play good defense. There is not need to expose yourself to the street when victory remains guarded by heavy walls. In the same way, you can learn to play on your own terms. Learn to play home games.

New traders go out and throw themselves at every chance they can. What do they get? Run over. Time and time again they find the front of the bus at full speed. A seasoned trader however, knows that they only want to enter fights they can win. Fights with an advantage. This is the birth of patience. It’s not a matter of massive self discipline. It’s a matter of self defense., a matter of survival.

Look around.

Take a moment to look around. What do you see?

You’ll see you guns throwing themselves up for glory. Massive swings in PnL followed by bolt statements, shot calling, petty fight picking and lap after lap of the same nonsense.

What do you see in the guy’s who’ve done this a while? Do you see that same bravado?

You do not. You see them defend the walls they need to defend in order to keep their operation going. This applies to all business and even life decisions. Most people find themselves spread far too thin chasing things they can’t catch and can’t control. Instead, build a strong “NO” and a love for focus on your own walls. Build a strong defense. One that can handle exposure to extremes. It’s this exposure over time that builds great kingdoms, not the chasing after every flippant move, feeling or spotlight.

Build resolve.

Resolve to stay where you are. Resolve to stand your ground. Resolve to be who you intend to be.

Do this in silence. Do this without anyone watching. Because they aren’t. It’s just you. There is no one else. Another traders plan? Who cares. A macro call you don’t totally understand? Forget about it. A trade everyone seems to have banked on? What does it mean to you?

Focus on your own Castle.

This is all that matters. Everything else is a distraction. The degree you can cut distractions will be the measure of you success in the goals you aim to achieve. Go offline. Go outside. Study your own methods. Study your future life. Make this you primary focus for 12 months and you will come out the other side a different person. You will also come out amazed at the chaos people accept as normal.

The Sail

An inch wide crack reaches up from the ground along a tall rectangular slab of granite known as “The Coffin”. A handful of pitches later and you reach “The Sail”. A beautiful bit of rock that fits it’s name and sits high above Little Cottonwood Canyon outside of Salt Lake City. My climbing partner, racked with gear, puts his left foot in first and steps upward. Another foot and another, he moves slowly up the wall. He stops, foot burred into this perfect wedge, and begins to look for the right sized cam to place as his first piece of protection. He’s only 15 feet off the deck. All his weight is placed on two feet jammed one over the other in this narrow slice that runs the height of the climb. Leaning forward, no real place to put his hands, he fumbles through his gear trying to find the piece he needs.

As he does, his right leg, the one with all his weight on it starts to jitter up and down. The sewing machine leg. It’s an uncontrollable phenomenon.

This happens from time to time and must be a physical manifestation of both fear and physical precision under stain. If you want to experience it yourself, setup a slack line for the fist time. You are almost guaranteed to see this come through.

Kelly is not without a comping mechanism. While I stand below, ready to take up the slack once his clip is in, I here a familiar sound. In a sort of nursery rhyme, sing song tone I hear something that goes a bit like:

I'm scared to death. 
Probably gonna die. 
Break both my legs and never climb again"

The tune is lumpy and without beat or melody. The lyrics to this song do not rhyme or have any real lyrical quality to them. They are just the facts. Just a candid response to the situation.

Kelly is not going to die. He’s not going to fall either. This is a technique him and I have used for ages. Since we started climbing together. We used the same method for fear management while downclimbing the start of a 2 thousand foot cliff in ski boots as we tried to get to a place we could actually ski from. Let me tell you, putting a hard plastic toe on a snow covered edge while carrying some awkward skis on your back is not a typical birthday event for most people. It is for us. I turned 33 that day. What’s a January birthday without sandwich on a ridge and a sketchy downclimb anyway?

Back on the wall, Kelly’s song has concluded and he’s heading higher. In a few moments, I’ll have the easy job of cleaning the route as we move to the next pitch. I’ll also sing the “I’m scared” song but it will be more for laughs then as a real method of coping.

The Sail
is a pitch we’ve wanted to climb for a long time. You can look it up. It stands high above the valley floor and could use to be climbed more often. As we work our way up the wall, the daylight starts to fade. We knew this might be a problem. We brought shoes. Well, I brought shoes. The plan is, if we run out of time and can’t make the climb up to the sail via the standard way, we can toss our shoes on and scramble up a little shoot to the base of the climb.

It seems pretty clear to both of us at this point. We’re not going to make it this way. We exit the route off to the right. Sitting now 200 feet below The Sail, we have to work our way up this bouldery drainage as quickly as we can. I rip off my climbing shoes and put on a decent pair of runners. Kelly slips on cowboy boots.

I laugh. I’ve just watched him climb the last 3 pitches with these things tied to his climbing harness. They dangled there like a pair of oversized dice in the rear view of some redneck jalopy. Why are we doing this?

Sunlight is fading. We’ve got a fair amount of scrambling to do and all to a climb we’ve never done before and my climbing partner is in cowboy boots. It was at this time that I realized we should have perhaps just stuck to a solid bouldering session at The Gate. No turning back now.

We make our way higher. It’s awkward. We laugh a bit, sing a bit. Are we even gonna get this climb in tonight?

I would bet 60% of every event we attempt goes like this. Maybe more. My first time backcountry skiing was with Kelly. He gave me a pair of 1980’s telemark skis, some old leather boots and I said “sounds like fun!“. It was fun. 4 feet of fresh powder and I had never skied before in my life, let alone with such an antique setup.

At the base

We stood there, at the base of the route. We’ve been out for hours now. It’s getting dark. We both know there is no way we are getting to the top of this before the sun sets. It’s not the first time we’ve failed a summit. We laugh about our choices, dammed from the start most likely. Oh well. Still an evening well spent.

We turn down, start to head lower.

We can’t really take the way we came up though. It’s getting dark and it’s too slow. So we find a set of anchors to the right and hook up our gear for a simultaneous repel. We make quick work of the decent, jumping backwards in the half light down the giant granite slab.

About 3/4 of the way down, we reach a large ledge. We’ve rappelled a few pitchs so far, hitting the floor, resetting our gear and then down the next. It’s quick work and a good time. It’s easy to lose yourself in the fun of it and overlook the consequences of a mistake.

Standing on this ledge, it might not be what you think. It’s not so much a sharp flat shelf as it is a wide, sloping slab that increases in angle as you near the edge. It’s about 40 ft wide and at the edge is a sharp drop of about 100 ft. We look for our anchors. It’s dark now, the sun is down. We can see stars overhead as the city lights glow down below. The last bits of sunlight softly light up the rock but it’s well past time for a headlamp. (a key item we failed to bring along)

Looking for the anchors to the next repel and we know we need to find them fast since neither of us have headlamps. If we don’t find the anchors to this last pitch before we lose that last bit of light, we’re gonna be up here all night with nothing but the soft glow of our own neighborhood off in the distance and Kelly’s cowboy boots to keep us warm.

We scan the edge of the rock. 40 ft of wide open granite sea laid out before us. While I don’t remember for sure, I feel we must have been singing a song. Probably something like :

"Stranded here in the dark. 
Can almost see my house. 
Slipped off this sketchy cliff. 
At least I died doing what I love. "

We often joke about “dyeing doing what you love”. While we both love playing in the mountains, ideally, we would still die old and not our here in a traumatic event.

Finally! We spot the bolts but man, they are way down there near the edge. I almost liked our odds of survival better of lasting the night then I do of getting to those bolts on the edge of this flat and featureless granite slab.

Whatever, it will be fine.

We slowly make our way down the rock. It’s so dark now. You can almost only see the anchors when you look away from them. They get lost in the grey with direct eye contact.

We slip the rope through the chains. I pull my side until we find the middle marked on the rope. We hook into the line. I tell Kelly, “put a knot in the end of that thing”. We don’t know if our rope will reach the bottom of this rappel. Seems like it should be it’s common for climbers to rap right off the end of a line after a big day.

We stand up together. Both linked to the same line. Our heels now both hanging off the edge of this sharp rock edge. Our butts jutting out into the abys. Here we go!

We drop over the edge. We can kind of see down. This is it. This will be our last rappel. We still don’t know if the rope reaches the ground. It’s too dark. As we get closer, we can see that we’re about 10 feet off the ground.

I don’t know about you but, 10 feet is a fair amount and I would rather not just drop it. As we get to our knots at the end of our respective sides of the line, we hang there. All this sketchy stuff and here we are. Stuck ten feet above the ground. It’s almost a joke.

I tell Kelly to swing kick off me and see if he can get to the large boulder to our right. He does. I start to swing a bit myself and stick out a leg. He grabs hold and in a few moments, we’re both unhooked and pulling the final rope.

The progressive nature of fear and boldness.

Notice the progression of fear in this story. A very true and real story.

At the beginning, well prepared and full of daylight, nerves overtook my partner only 15 feet from the ground. You could argue that this moment was literally the safest we’d be all day. Yet, as the event went on and the variables went slowly against us, fear gave way to fun and we become more present and more comfortable.

That first step is that hardest. Those first few feet into the air are the ones that get most people. In fact, I would argue that those folks who seem fearless are just the ones who have put a little distance between them and the ground.

The exponential nature of markets.

If you start with 10 and bet one and win three times, you now have three. If you bet with three and win three more times, what do you have? Now do it again with six.

If you start with 10 and bet one and win three, again you have three. You take two off the table and bet again three times with one. What do you have?

Even assuming a 100% win rate, the better method is option A. exponential betting growth.

This is something we all understand logically but don’t act based on it in reality. The two most important variables in betting are going to be risk capital (how much do you have that can be lost) and risk growth (how hard can you risk that capital in order to multiply it).

The first pitch

In the first pitch of your climbing and you trading you have both the most fear and the most risk. The fear is there because you have not yet entered into the work of climbing or trading. Once the mind gets aligned to the task, the fear will back off. Second, the closer you are to the ground, the higher the risk of hitting it.

Same is true in trading. Once off the deck, once you have a little “house money” to work with, your fear will drop and you will begin to work differently.

The issue

I am extremely critical of prop firms as a way to enter markets. Why? The first pitch issue. Their whole system is built on the idea of keeping you on the first pitch. Always close enough to the ground that you could fall and hit it. Once you understand this, once you realize how easy it is a few pitches higher, you will align your whole system and process to getting off the deck.

So you want to climb?

I am in markets to climb. I assume we all are.

For me, it’s never been about money. It’s about skill. It’s about knowing you can. markets are simply a way to get paid for skill and rationality. No other job values those two qualities in such a clear and immediate way.

However, if you are afraid to put that first foot in the crack and step up, you’ll never get to the bouldery gully where you can laugh at your buddy in cowboy boots. (you get what I mean)

What is this really about?

It’s about fearlessness. That is what life is about as well. It’s not about being right or being safe or having it together of under control. It’s not about a perfect PnL curve or trade optimization or knowing what will happen next.

It’s simply about entering into something unknowable with the skill and mental resolve to see it through, win or lose. Either way, it’s gonna be a good time.

That’s why I tell this story.

I see too many people stuck in a loop of “doing things right” when what they really mean is protecting themselves from potential adverse consequences. You know what you get when you live a life protecting yourself from making mistakes? Nothing! You end up with nothing. No stories, no adventures, no results.

Flip this around. Get out there and make some questionable decisions.

Via Negativa

The negative path. The concept comes from The Greeks and Romans and was first applied by theologians in their pursuit of a definition of God. We cannot say what God is, we can only say what God is not. A lofty concept. How about Michelangelo. When asked how he creates such works as The David he replied “It’s simple. I remove everything that is not David.”

Let’s be honest. We are not sure really what makes us great traders, what makes us successful business men and women. We may be able to call out a few actions or moments where we acted in a way that was correct for the situation but it’s unlikely that we are able to pin point any real variables that make us who we are. This is why teaching or transferring attributes is so difficult, maybe impossible.

Have you ever noticed the absence of pain?

As I sit here thinking about this, I feel no pain. A three hour bike ride in preparation for a difficult race next month and a two hour scramble up a boulder field this afternoon with three wild kids, I feel a fair amount of tiredness, but I do not feel pain.

In this case, I only notice because of the expectation of pain. How about on a day where there is no expectation of pain? A day you just feel “fine”. Would I notice?

It’s likely that I wouldn’t.

Tell me the common variable in the following set of numbers : 387, 896, 378, 098, 189, 864, 548. Don’t continue until you’ve guessed the shared variable. It’s simpler then you think. The number 8 is featured in all of them. Let’s look at another row of numbers. 874, 092, 421, 785, 678, 802, 846. Again, don’t go on until you’ve looked hard at the numbers and have a guess as to the common variable. This one if more difficult. Take you time. The answer : None of the numbers have the number 3 in them.

What can we learn?

What we can understand via this simple test above (not invented by me) is that humans have a more difficult time detecting what is missing then what is present. Have you ever gone on a road trip and an hour into the drive realize you’ve forgotten an obvious but critical item? A pillow perhaps.

Humans like to find answers in doing more. Want to get healthy, add this to your diet. What to get smart, take this course or read this book. Why? Because we are naturally additive thinkers. It is far more easier to get a person to consider doing then not doing.

Example, If I told you that looking at daily high/low/mid levels in context of overall trend and looking for patterns could offer you new and simple insight to your trading methods, you would be happy to hear that. Actually taking action on it is another thing all together. However, if I told you that not doing something would have a greater effect on your PnL curve, you would likely be less inclined to believe me, no matter how true it is. Not trading the first 30 minutes of a session or not trading after the first 2 hours of the session, for example, while good advice would be far less palatable.

Via Negativa

What if I told you that an extreme reduction in action, planning, analyzing and systematic development was perhaps more valuable to you and your account value? What if I said you don’t need more information, more knowledge, more market insight but simply the removal of everything that is not David?

Finding David

Our natural instinct is to add. Non-artistic people tend to think that an artist has the whole final product in their head before they start. I promise you, we do not. We know more about what we do not want then what we do want. Yes, there is a sense of the final product, a vision, a feeling and loads of reference but there is no clear picture.

So it is in markets. It is enough to simply know who you do not want to be.

Down to brass tacks. A bad trader will : Add to losers – take sub par setups – overtrade out of boredom – seek more certainty on what will happen – oversize poor setups – undersize good setups – lack follow through – cut winners early – let losers run – trade out of fear and fomo.

Simply avoiding these on a naked chart is more then enough to put you into an elite category. Eliminate the downside, the thinking errors, and the upside will take care of itself. This is all we need to know.

"Charlie and I have not learned to solve difficult business problems. What we have learned is to avoid them," - Warren Buffet

Welcome to via negativa.

The Blind Jump

The impala is an incredible athlete. The animal is capable of running effortlessly at 55 mph and can jump three times it’s own height. This is what it was made to do.

While a cheetah has a difficult time catching one of these incredible animals on the open plains, if one has already been captured, the requirement for keeping it contained is minimal.

The impala, despite it’s physical prowess, is unwilling to jump to a location it cannot see. Therefor, the animal will remain caged with only a three or four foot fence. There is no convincing it of it’s capability that will push it to break these limits. No reminding it or reasoning with it. It simply will not jump.

Risk and our Imagination

The impala does not jump for two reasons :

  1. He cannot handle the unknown risk beyond the fence. He will not accept a jump he cannot see.
  2. He has no imagination to project what is on the other side of the fence. His mind is too small.

If you read some of my posts before, you know that I enjoy the topic of risk and understanding how the mind works around it. If you were to understand just one thing about how humans process risk, I would hope it would be the following.

Unlike the impala, you and I have the ability to imagine. However, just like the impala, we have no tolerance for jumping a fence we cannot see the other side of.

The facts : There is NO WAY to see over the fence when we are talking about future events. It’s impossible.

The human mind hates this. So what does it do?
It creates projections. We project into the unknown using our past and our imagination. This can be a very powerful tool. Especially when we are correct. However, when we are not, it can put a person into a false reality of their own fiction. They are now trapped by a new fence. One they feel they know what is on the other side of but it’s nothing more then a figment. An illusion.

The Twisted Mind

Nobody wants to think that the reality they perceive may not be fully real. We would all much rather double down on our false beliefs then to approach them and try to reckon with them. I understand if what comes next is a bit troubling.

In the unknown space, the space we cannot see, we imagine or project a sense of what is there. Let’s talk about a few ways the mind wrestles with this in order that we might un-twist our minds and learn to admit what we cannot see.

Confirmation Bias

“I expect the future to be ______ , therefor I will find evidence for reasons it should be ______ ” The best way to guess is to guess based on what has happened before. We will use past events that are unlinked to this event to confirm what might happen next. We may also look around and see similar events. While we might build a strong case for what is ahead, there is truly no way to know. We do this positively and negatively. “I lost last time, I’ll lose again”. Remember, each new future event is new and unconnected to the last.

Preparation Bias

“I came prepared for the future, therefor it should favor me”. This is about as absurd a thing as you or I have probably ever heard. Especially when said like this. However, this is often the way the mind handles that blank space on the other side of the fence. There is no amount of readiness that the future respects. It will be what it will be.

Action Bias

“I don’t know what is next so I will make sure I do enough actions to make it how I want”. This is a very common bias to see when a trader is struggling. The overtrading madman is just another normal human being struggling to understand the reality of the unknown. While actions are required to bring about things we want to accomplish, we are not masters of the universe and must accept that most of what happens to us is outside of our control. Ride the waves.

Information Bias

“I have the right information about the past, therefor I have a better sense of the future,” While you may have a solid handle on what has happened, you just cannot know what will happen. Often times, we look back over our charts and say “If I had done X” or “I should have noticed Y”. While that might be true, we are looking at charts seeing both the fence and where the jump landed. You cannot look at charts this way if you want to remain sane. You can only look at charts for good fences to jump over based on the risk of the jump, not on the result.

Contagion Bias

“Since I took time to make my charts look nice and applied the latest tools, I now have confidence to jump the fence!”. Slow down cowboy. You can see in this little example that chart color and graphic displays do nothing to cast for you a future action that is favorable. Sure, you can look at things on your charts that are “cutting edge” but the reality is, they are never so cutting edge that they cut into the future. No matter how high-tech your tools are, they remain on this side of the fence. This is more superstitious then it is “edge”.

Cognitive Dissonance

“GME is a trash stock and a garbage company and there is no way I would trade that”. In this case, the trader has soothed their assumption of loss by looking down their nose at an opportunity. This may be one of the most common issues traders face. “The stock is up too much, I never chase”. This is not a prudent trading strategy as much as it is fear of jumping over an unknown fence.

Association Bias

“We’ve already moved down so far, I can’t imagine selling here. It would be better to look for longs. The squeeze is going to be a face ripper”. You’ve seen something happen before. We’ve all seen a good squeeze. We’ve all also seen a solid rug pull. Reality is, it’s far more likely for a thing to keep moving the way it is then for it to turn. (trends exist in randomness) As a response to the fear and pain associated with jumping a fence into a low of day rally or high of day failure, we associate this moment with a random moment of the past. We project that moment into this one as a response to fear.

Omission Bias

“I can’t take a loss on a trade I don’t take”. While this is true, you sure can’t win one either. We tend to feel good about missing negative outcomes. This overrides how bad we feel about missing good outcomes. Since pain of loss registers higher then thrill of winning or even the pain of missing out, it’s common for a trader to be passive on all the “painful looking trades” and then finally begin to act once price “looks good”. This never leads to good outcomes. It is far better to commit to jumping the fence regardless when your conditions are met. Let the law of large numbers guide you.

Forecast Illusion

“This is my year. I am going to make a million dollars scalping the indexes this year”. Do you know the percent of predictions that come true? It’s stupid low. No matter how much we believe in our system or ourselves, there is no “name it and claim it” power in trading, markets or any other future event. Yes, it helps to be positive, create a big view and some big goals. The truth is, declaring them as fact into the future is just another form of self-securing. Just another warm blanket in the face of an unknowable future.

I don’t know.

These are three powerful words.
They don’t feel like it but, if the next time you are in a tricky spot where you or someone around you wants to have a solid answer about something yet to be, give them a try. “I don’t know”.

What happens in this moment, when we use these three words? We become open to whatever might be there in that unknown place. We are also forced to protect ourselves in case of a bad outcome. Risk gets managed. Humility increases and instead of forcing ourselves onto whatever comes next, we simply enter into it with acceptance.

For me, this is the most interesting thing.

Yes, it’s fun to guess what might happen. Maybe build out a little thesis. Once you understand that “wait and see” will tell you the truth better then any hairbrained guess, you learn to live in a way that accepts those random new outcomes as possibly the most interesting thing that could happen.

Don’t tell me.

Each one of the above bias’s limit what you see. Instead of creating accuracy of what is next, they instead limit our access to what is possible. Your mind is limiting what opportunities you are capable of participating in as a form of self-protection from what it cannot know.

I refuse to impose such limits on myself and my future no matter how comforting they might be in this moment. If you know what happens next, don’t tell me.

I don’t want to know. I will find out when it get’s here.

Funny enough, I’ve taking the same approach in my trading. You don’t know what will happen next, neither do I. My job is simply to practice fearless jumps without guessing the outcome.

The Overthinker

Chronic overthinking is very common. Maybe you don’t start out that way but take a solid draw down or two and you’re going to respond to that new trauma with an intense desire to “figure it out” or “know what’s next”. It’s a simple response to fear and a concern that you’ll be harmed in the action.

Let me tell you a little secret about trading.

The only thing at risk is the capital value between your entry and your stop x size.

For most of us overthinkers, there may be another variable at play. A false variable. It could be one of many. Maybe performance pressure, maybe you don’t want to be wrong. What if it was something else? Something more human.

I am sure you don’t mind being wrong when nothing is at risk. I am confident you don’t mind trying something new when you have no expectations. While expectations need to be dropped and risk accepted, it’s possible that overthinking has a different and more tangible source then simply “fear” or “expectations”. The good news is, you don’t need to know everything about the “why” when you know the “what”. Meaning, replace “why do I do what I do” with “what should I do”.

Regardless of the cause for your hesitation or overcomplication in markets, let’s explore a few moments that can be problematic and try to overthink our way around them before the market opens again.

This way, when that perfect setups comes, instead of hesitating, we hammer.

The Perfect Entry Error – The setup comes, you would try to understand the perfect entry. “Do I wait? Do I market in? Do I chase? ” The trade either comes and goes or you find yourself flailing into position, kicking yourself for your crappy entry before the trade has even begun to move.

Trying to “be perfect” is a fool’s errand. Not only to you not have this much control over the trade, there is no way to know what a perfect entry would look like.

Fix : Focus on where you’re wrong. This, unlike the entry, is a fixed variable. The entry will be what it will be. Set the stop and let it be.

The What’s Next Error : You pour over data in the evenings trying to build a sense of what might happen tomorrow so you can act on it. Where is everyone positioned? Do we go higher or lower? What if, what if, what if?

While you may have a sense of what happened today, you will never know what will happen tomorrow. You don’t need to know what will happen tomorrow.

Fix : Good trading is about acting correctly as opportunities arise. Instead of thinking about what could happen, simply observe what is happening. Memorize and study your best trades. Then wait for them to occur.

The What If Error : A great trade comes by, you see it… you watch it… you do nothing.

You just did the “what if”. This is when, instead of thinking about simple execution, trigger, stop, target, your mind was pulled into a swirl of in the moment what ifs.

Fix : There is no worse outcome to a trade other then to lose the capital between your entry and your stop x size. A stop out will not hurt you physically and it will not take more then you give it. The worst possible outcome for any trade is a stop. so take the trade!

The Hot Potato Error : You wait for a great trade. You enter at the right spot. Price goes your way… You see something, maybe take some off and add back when it comes back to your entry. You exit. Price continues on to your target and you gave up a perfect entry with the hot potato.

“Real time” thinking only gets us so far once the trade is on. Once in a trade, you are more likely to botch it by over managing then by taking a stop.

Fix : Look left. You’ve done the work to find the trade. You’ve put it on. The only thing left to do is ride it or take the stop. There is no reason to do all the work you’ve done only to take a few points. When you put on a trade, consider all the work you’ve done to get here. Value that work and you’ll value the trade.

Fear Filter Error : Markets have been going up. You see a great short but, for fear of getting your face ripped off, you pass on it. It’s the HOD. Price plummets without you. You hate yourself for having hesitated.

In the moment, fear was your primary focus. Not process, not the setup, not “where is my stop”. Simple and pure fear.

Fix : Replace fear of getting stopped out with fear of being nothing. Nobody. A failure. There is nothing worse in markets then to be in the right place, at the right time and do nothing about it. You put on that damn trade and you get ready to take the stop.

These are simply a handful of possible mental errors that may be keeping you from really nailing some of those big trades you see come through the charts.

Two major changes in my personal mindset have altered this experience completely.

  1. Markets are Random.

I cannot tell you what trades will work. I cannot tell you what trades I will take and I can’t tell you if I will find “the best trade” today, or any day. Let go of the idea that you have to do this “right” and just get doing it. Just take the trade! The result of this one is random. Take the stop. The result of 100 is not. Give yourself time to see what shakes out.

2. Do a Safety Check

Taking a stop, having a red day. These things cannot hurt you. You are going to be OK. I know this sounds weird and many people will not like the idea. (we’re all super tough and emotionless futures traders after all) The more “human” you are in your ability to relate to other people, the less “pain” in markets you’ll be able to take. Look at your stop size. Look at the cost of the trade. Open up the stop a bit to let it breath and drop your size. As the trade starts to move, repeat to yourself “I am not my account”. Now, take the stop without reaction.

If these things weren’t common issues, every trader you meet would be rolling in Benjamin’s.

The reality is, these are issues for every person who fires up a trading account. No matter the product, no matter the timeframe.

Don’t believe me that your emotional generosity could be “connecting” you to your account through basic human empathy? Watch this : LINK

Focus and Clarity

The goal in trading is to develop not perfect systems or perfect outcomes but prefect self-trust.

The “ideal trading mindset” is talked about a fair amount but never clearly defined. It’s a mist. An esoteric concept that some traders seem to find from time to time but others look at empty handed, through fogged glass.

The ideal trading mindset is simply a mindset that is aligned with the realities of trading. This is obtained only through the development of advanced self-awareness and, when complete, produces prefect self-trust.

Here is an example.

I don’t always win. In fact, I lose plenty.

I have perfect trust in myself to :

  1. Not lose more then I set to lose.
  2. Adjust to new conditions as they arrive.
  3. Take advantage of the current opportunities to the best of my ability.

That might not sounds like much to new traders. If you’ve been here a while, those three things should be recognizably important. Pretty much the whole game.

Perfect self- trust is built through clarity of system and self, paired with focus on intention and actions. Both system and intention must be clearly defined in every detail. This produces our process which is aimed to align ourselves with both system and intention.


  • Who am I?
  • What drives me?
  • What are my tendencies?
  • How do I see the world?
  • What are my triggers?
  • What are my core motivations?
  • What are my red flags?
  • What pays my in markets?
  • What are my trade triggers?
  • What are my setups?
  • How do I know if I am mentally ready to trade today?
  • How do I know the market is aligned to my method today?
  • What should my trading look like vs what does it look like?


We all have an assortment of noise. The opposite of mental noise is focus. The amount of mental noise we bring into our work determines the purity of the output. Said another way, the more we reduce noise, the more closely we come to executing in line with our intentions. Both a cone and a spear come to a point. However, they are functionally very different. The goal is to navigate through the noise, discard it and become the spear.

The Cone : What I would like to achieve today – What everyone else did – What I think about myself – What money means to me – My wife/husband’s thoughts of my trading – Qualities of my personality not aligned with the work – What I need to prove to myself – Feeling smart – Feeling cool – Insecurity.

The Spear : What I intend to do and how I intend to do it.

The cone, while it has a point, brings along a load of baggage. A lot of noise.

What I intend to do and how I intend to do it.

This is all we really need to know. The trouble is, we spend too much time in the noise. The noise of our own minds.

We must navigate out of the noise until we find ourselves at the top. Then, like a rocket bound for mars, we must detach the extra fuel cells and fly ultra light towards our destination. The first time we do this, it may take six months. The second, a few days. After a few laps, this is our process and it take minutes.

This is the product of good trading. It’s not money. It’s the ability to move up the cone and arrive quickly at “What I intend to do and how I intend to do it. ” in any area of our lives. This is the art.

Why do traders trade well and blow up randomly?

They know how markets work but have not developed a level of self awareness that is capable of creating the clarity and focus that produces a pure output. They are taken over by the noise.

Their intentions are unknown to them and they are simply acting on reflex and not process driven intention. Simply put, there is too much noise in their system and mind so that the moment reflex fails, they spiral. Understand this : many have “a process”. They just don’t have their process. They don’t have the method that moves them up through the noise into focus and clarity. Instead they have standard for drawing levels.

Their software is built on the wrong assumptions and must be rebuilt again. Correctly. Not built on market dynamics but on their own, internal dynamics.

We often look for nuance in how markets move. Markets can be systematic. The nuance we need is for the observation of ourselves.

Only when we overlay high quality market dynamics onto a foundation of deep self-awareness and process that is designed by us to move us into focus and clarity will we begin to see the long-term results we’ve been aiming for.

Losing is a skill.

If this all sounds too “in your head” it’s because it is. There is a very large amount of meaningful work we can and should do between our ears. However, in more practical terms, we simply need to practice losing.

Walking away red is a skill. Taking a stop is a skill. Sticking to your system and setups while in drawdown is a skill. Most traders have too much mental noise to even begin to see it this way. That is simply what it is. To get better at any skill, you simply need to create a method for clear and focused practice.

Also like any skill, doing it wrong for a period of time embeds bad habits into our method. Often, traders mental is so cluttered and crusted up with artifacts that don’t matter, they can’s even start to sort through it to find what perfect practice would look like.

Until you have the skill to lose, put yourself in a position where you can lose. Most traders put themselves up against the wall. They are too big, have too high of expectations and ultimately put themselves in a place where they have to sink or swim.

In markets, when it comes to sink or swim, you will always sink.


We’ve all seen it.
A young couple out to dinner. Maybe a first date, maybe a second. She’s dressed up and so is he. They both look nice but something is off.

After a quick glance and moment of observation, you realize that she hasn’t said a word in the past ten minutes while he rambles on without stopping. Anything and everything that comes into his mind, he spirts out in rapid fire. His work, his hobbies, what he thinks. What he knows.

On and on and on the man carries the conversation without even giving time for a reply, let alone stepping back off the mic to offer it to his female counterparty.

Just think. What interesting conversations might take place between these two young people if the man would just shut up for a moment and open the door to some thought provoking dialog?

Not only does he squander the opportunity to enter into an interesting collaboration of thought but he also chooses to remain in the dull light of his own mind, dank and musty. So trapped in the closet of his thoughts he’s forgotten what fresh air feels like.

So it is with markets.

Most people don’t come into markets without some previous success. In most cases, we’ve “won” at the first things in our careers and are now entering markets looking to summit yet another of life’s great challenges.

This puts the default participant at a massive disadvantage.

It’s all in the approach.

The answers we get are based on the questions we ask. If we ask default questions, we get default answers. If we learn and work to ask more nuanced questions, we receive more nuanced answers.

When most people enter markets, they use the same tools they have used in their careers to get things done.

Most people come into markets, see one or two things that make some sense and then, without realizing their own arrogance, start drawing lines and assuming what the market should or shouldn’t do. Before giving it much time or attention, they are already commanding a thing that does not take orders.

The next level of this is to do the same but more advanced. Like the man on the date, there is no real connection. Just crude employment of the other to hear his words said back to him in his own head.

Every tool, chart type, bar type, color and line drawing method is employed. Maybe if you keep telling her how great you are she’ll finally understand?

But, like much of the single male population, they remain unable to woo a quality gal and are left alone with an apartment full of tools, toys and “look how great I am’s” without the company of a decent partner.

It’s not a mystery.

Markets, like people, are not a mystery.

Markets are people. Markets are one great swirling mass of people. Not one person or fund but a million. All moving in unison to some unknown melody.

If all you ever do is talk, you’ll never hear the music. You’ll never enjoy the simplicity of just watching, understanding, riding the waves it offers.

If you are too busy telling the market where it should go, what it should do, the levels it needs to hold or reject, you’ll never be able to transcend to those sweet moments where, like John Moulton said “You can ride the comet for a while”.

As a trader, you have to realize that no amount of effort can change the future actions of the market. It will move how it wants, it will go where it pleases and it is not aware of the line you just drew on your chart. It is not listening to your explanation of it’s future action. It has no sense of should or shouldn’t. It’s future is written and only it is aware of what it will do. The rest of us remain in permanent ignorance.

The Job.

So what’s the job?

The job of the trader is to slow down their thoughts, their needs and desires just long enough to hear where the market may want to go. It’s not difficult, in theory. Like any relationship where you are not the key actor, you are simply a supporting role, it takes humility. It takes patience. It takes the ability to listen first, act second and respond with grace when you guessed wrong.

Your account is not moved by your actions. Your actions, when they are directed by you, only serve to reduce you bank balance. However, when your actions align with what the market is telling you, when you allow yourself to dance as the market leads, she carries your balance higher. Often higher then you could have imagined. Certainly higher then I ever expected.

So it is in life.

To give yourself to a person, or to a moment. To serve the will of the present, without concern for self, has the ability to open us up to some of the most surprising and enjoyable experiences. So enjoyable in fact that once you’ve experienced it, little else is even interesting anymore.

This is the experience of collaboration in the moment.
A rare gift.
The only goal.

Dirt Bag

The sun set over the red desert as I bounced slowly down a dusty dirt road. There were a few old campers here and there, tucked into worn down pull outs with rutted entries and surrounded by sage brush. It looked to me like the usual crowd. A handful of dirt poor single dudes with old vans haphazardly parked into their temporary desert homes. A family with bike spread all over and a barbeque.

I kept driving. The road was wide and flat. Rolling desert hills lifted up across the horizon. A few miles more and there was no one. The few ragtag settlements I had seen were long gone and it was just me and that sweet desert silence as the sun finally gave out and the stars began to freckle the sky.

I was just barley on the Utah side of the Utah/Arizona border. There is some incredible BLM land just outside of St. George. The bouldering is excellent and mountain biking even better. I wasn’t here for either of those two things on this trip.

I had just left L.A.

I had been there for a long weekend at a trade show. I had spent the past 4 days talking to past/present and potential clients as well as customers. My small software business was getting a lot of attention along with my partner and my new venture. We did this show every year. It was fairly important to us from a business perspective but, more just an excuse to rent a house, hang out and eat too much good food.

If you’ve done a trade show, or worked to sell yourself in any way, you understand what it means to be “on”.

I had just spent the last two months preparing for this weekend. Software updates, client deliveries, organizing and communicating. All the prep had been flawless. Execution was dialed.

In the next two years, my partner and I would dissolve the venture we were there to promote because of the success of our primary businesses. Everything we were doing, and doing well, was just insurance. It was the extra mile.

That is what is required when you’re boot-strapping your own businesses. Throw out a wide net and see which one catches fish.

We got lucky.

None of that mattered now.

The work had been done and it was time for me to get some rest. I threw a sleeping bag down on the ground. Kicked off my shoes and curled up for the night.

I woke up the next morning and a thin shell of ice had formed over my sleeping bag. It had gotten fairly cold overnight, as it often does in late November.

I was happy.

Nowhere to be. The rest of the day to drive the 5 or so hours back up to Salt Lake.

Why am I telling you this story?

I am a human. I operate as a human. I am slow and inefficient. My mind can only take in so much before it reaches capacity.

Funny thing is, so are you.

In markets, we often overlook the human element. Both in our own methods and expectations as well as the methods and expectations of others.

I believe that in order to truly expand into excellence, a person must understand deeply both their ability to push, and their need to rest.


Markets work in cycles. People work in cycles.

Often, I see people override their rest cycle for more effort. More work, more money or more achievement. In doing so, they reduce the impact of their effort and future capacity. Their work becomes average.

In order to truly be excellent at anything, you must not only drive towards it but rest from it.


I use the above story because it is a large part of who I am. For me, to let go of all ambition and just be a dirt bag for a while is was brings me back to life. A few days not giving a rats ass in the desert can make all the difference.

For you, this might be something else.

It’s likely not a highly produced vacation. It’s probably something that satisfies a deeper part of who you are. I would argue, the more you understand what works best to decompress your own neurosis, the more effectively you can recharge and then re-enter into that state of intensity.

When to rest:

Here are a few things I see both in myself and in others that indicate a need for a little R+R.

  • Tension : Trading should flow. It should come easy. Setups you know should be hit without hesitation. If this isn’t the case, it’s time to chill.
  • Tilt : Tilt is not a common trait for traders hitting their edge and compounding their accounts. It’s often normalized as an excuse to keep the addiction alive.
  • Sizing Errors : Often, I see in myself and others a desire to adjust size when experiencing compound fatigue.
  • Lack of Clarity : We do the same thing every day, or at least we should be. Often times an overload in data processing muddies the mental waters.
  • Tunnel Vision : When the brain is taxed and not given rest, we often go into a strange fixation on solving problems. It’s a fight of flight response and it never leads to real answers.

These are just a few examples.

Over the years, I have come to accept the fact that I need to take time to be a dirt bag. There are times I just need to get away from all the superfluous caring. If I continue to trade beyond my caring limit, things go poorly.

Think about it this way…

You know that there are times you are ON.
There are times where you feel focus and dialed and the market seems to be in rhythm with your actions. Almost like you can’t miss.

Then, without warning, the tides turn. You’re off your game. The P/L begins to drop, or outright tank!

While this may be caused by a market condition change you were unaware of, it may more likely be because have run yourself into the ground without taking that required rest.


In markets and muscles, growth happens when we rest.

I have been working to increase my trading size over the past 4-6 months. It’s gone fairly well. However, it has also made this reality more and more clear. If one day, I strap 60lb’s on and do 30 pullups, I cannot expect my arms to be willing to do this again tomorrow.

By increasing intentional rest, with purpose, you increase your ability to deliver mentally and physically when the time is right.

Trade less. Trade with more purpose and realize that you too, are human.

Isolated Variables

Trading is a craft.
Trading is a skill.

Trading requires that you not only develop a way to view people and markets but that you develop the skill to take advantage of them. The great majority of traders may develop a view but never a skill. There are nuances and the need for finesse.

In the compounding complexity of markets, how can we isolate the correct tasks and improve our view and our ability to act on it in line with our strategy?

The difficulty isn’t knowing to isolate. It’s knowing how to isolate.

Before you go further…

Trading is a true craft. If you struggle to manage your impulses, take your stops or respect your daily risk, this post is not for you. You have other issues, generally self control issues that need to be addressed before you can enter into the work of real trading. If any of these remain issues, you and I both know that the work described below will not help.

For those serious about the work, let’s continue.

I break it up like this:

Market View :

When you sit down in the morning and start to build out an idea of what you might see, either in setups, action, etc, does this come to pass and how do you know you are wrong?

If that means you have levels, how can you give them more meaning for your next action? How can you make your work more quantitative? Simply meaning, how can you draw more accurate conclusions from the bigger picture?

A lot of folks have a bigger view they use from time to time but it’s all lip service. If you look at a bigger timeframe chart but don’t do anything with it, there is serious edge missing from your system. Keep it loose but, even as a day trader, you can grow in your ability to read the bigger picture and handle the larger timeframes.

Personal Prep :

“Am I able to get myself into the trading mindset I need for the day?”

This might mean you have a pre-trade routine. I do. It’s very simple but it gets me in the frame of mind. If you have family or work, you may need to really figure out a way that trading fits into that.

I personally need to create space for the work I do in markets. It’s short and intense and if I do it wrong, I am unhappy about it. Therefor, I need to build a real and proper space to “set myself” for the work or trading.

First identify what qualities you need to exhibit. Then find a way to enter into those qualities before the market opens.

Do you need to calm down? Do you need a little boost?
Do you need patience or do you feel some fomo?
If you have a prep process, does it help? Do you need to improve it?

This can take some work as you need to sort through who you are and what might be making decisions for you. Doing this work is what makes trading easy.

Setup Selection :

There are a lot of setups on offer each day. Are you getting the best ones?

Are you trading the trades you want to trade? Are you finding yourself in the best trades on offer in the time or, are you fighting for your points?

We choose each day what we want to trade and how we want to trade. You can always be more selective, more patient, more dialed into the nuances of your work.

There may be a need, esp if leveling up, to hunt for different setups. You are not married to your setups. You can find new ones on new timeframes that may fit your goals better in this moment.

Correct Action :

You could call this a lot of things. The real question however is “Did I do what I was supposed to do?”.

This item is least valued when winning but, exposed intensely when markets shift. First, understand that we all make bad trades. We all deviate from our method. The trick here is just to be able to track it. No need to hammer yourself with criticism. Just track if you were on point or off.

When the time comes and the market shifts, you want to be able to say “I lost but I did my job”. It’s the trader who enters into a drawdown and doesn’t know why they are in drawdown that is likely to spiral.

Ratings :

A great way to spot weakness here is to give yourself a daily rating.

1-5, did the way I do this step help me today?

Why or why not. What can I improve?

The idea here isn’t that you have to be brilliant or perfectly controlled. It’s that you have to have a process for iterating on your work while operating inside of a dynamic environment. A simple feedback loop.

What I have found :

I’ve been through a few periods where what I was doing well stopped working. We’ve all been there. The market catches a bid and everything gets easy. Even selling is easier in a bull trend. Then, things turn and we’re upside down for a minute.

The trick here isn’t to avoid being off our game. That will happen. The idea is that we have a process in place to understand what is wrong, work to understand the issue and then find a solution.

My recent drawdown.

I went through a bit of a slump there for a few weeks. Long story short, I had been scalping rotations inside smaller timeframes. It’s easy to do, my system was locked down and it fit my busy schedule. I would scalp for the fist 2 hours of the day and close up shop.

However, when vol picked up, I dinged my daily loss limit a few times and had to take a step back and ask myself, “what has gone wrong?”

Was it my read?
Was it my discipline?
Was it market conditions?

What I found was that it was all three, really. Discipline was the least problematic but still a concern. My read was loose and I had assumed the action would continue as it had. I had not intentionally made this decision, I had just gotten into a routine.

Don’t get me wrong here, I was not just mindlessly BTFD. I was playing both sides as you do in a late cycle bull market. The real miss match was in my read + conditions.

Knowing that I can execute well and have control over my click, it was just about adjusting my read and finding new setups or methods for the current environment.

I had long wanted to make these adjustments but, as you do, I had put off re-evaluating since what I was doing was working. It was as good a time as any to step back from active trading for a moment, make my adjustments and re-enter the market with a new intention.

What did this lead to?

Because I have this process setup, I was able to adjust over a 14 day period. Two weeks to adjust for the new read and slightly new method and begin to take advantage of it. This means I was able to backrest a couple new ideas, re-visit 9 months of journals and images of charts I’ve saved that seemed relevant and really dig into my strengths and weaknesses.

Build yourself for change

Nothing stays the same. Not in life and not in markets.

Most people come in and look for that one perfect edge that will allow them to leave their day job or whatever. Don’t be that guy. Instead, build a process that allows you to be molded by the moment. Something robust but specific. Something that will open you up to whatever the market has next.

Great traders throw away more quality edges then most traders even know exist.

Adding To Winners – The Dad Move

The Dad Move :

"Any action or actions where a person (usually a Dad), being unconcerned with appearance or perceptions,  uses their experience and skill to position themselves for inevitable victory. "

I don’t think about adding to winners the way I used to.

In the beginning, I traded like a nervous teenager. Unable to really commit to anything meaningful. Always in and out, trying to find the next hot idea or trade. I would enter a trade, take some off, let some ride but never long enough. I would fight the trend like it was my parents forcing me to go to grandma’s 75th birthday party on a Friday night.

Over time, the youthful optimism and eagerness gives way to experience. Disappointment turns into resolve.

Now, I trade like a Dad.

I’ve been here a while. I’ve paid my dues. I’ve seen eager young bucks laid to waste on the sidelines. I know what one side needs to do and where they need to do it in order for them to continue.

I know what happens when they fail…

Now, I think of adding to winners as a way of taking advantage of my experience. I’ve been here before, I’ve seen this game play out. In many cases, I know the counter position is wrong, if not outright wrong, they are deeply disadvantaged. We are going against them. When you are in a position that is correct, it is the other side’s job to fix it and run you back over. Until they do, stay in Dad mode.

Dad is invincible. Dad knows everything. Dad is never embarrassed. Dad doesn’t care if it hurts. Dad also doesn’t waste his time with nonsense. Dad takes his stops.

This is Dad Mode. The Dad Move?

The Dad Move is pressing those winners. Let the youth scramble to find their “right answer”, to get what they need. Dad just sits and waits. Dad will press them into the ground. My goal is to press that advantage until capitulation of the other side. I have clear metrics for that this looks like and when it might happen. As a Dad, I am happy to do it.

Finding The Dad Move

Last fall, I was on a weekend outing with a bunch of fellas. We had rented a cabin and the first night, as fellas do, got to a little bravado based antagonizing. I challenged a 22 year old dude, fresh out of college, to an arm wrestle.

The guy was confident, as he should be. A bit of a surprise to me, before we fired up, he said, “Ah man, you’ve got that old man strength!”. I laughed, I don’t consider myself old.

I did win that match. I won it with Devon Larratt’s “Dad Move”. I knew I could hold him as long as I needed. Plenty patient. It was just a matter of letting his youthful intensity wear off a while before I would reveal my clear advantage.

A lightbulb went off in my head. I thought “This is exactly what trading is like”.
This is what it feels like to press your winners.

Some technical items you need to do the Dad Move

First, you need to have full confidence in what you are able to do, what your system can produce.

Second, you need resolve. You need to be able to sit there and hold the intensity. As long as it takes.

Third, You need to have a way of adding and “auto managing” your positions. My entry determines my stop, simple as that. My target, when I feel like I’ve got them pined.

Building the Dad Path

Another important lesson for me in adding to winners came from a simple Coin Flip game.

One evening, I grabbed a kid (I have three), we drew out a graph and played this game on paper.

The Rules: If the coin flips heads, bet 10. If you win, bet 20.
This is a reverse martingale betting structure and, if timing works out and you catch a trend, can have serious implications to your PnL.

We did this a few nights and I ran this above linked simulator a while. This build a habit of adding to winning positions but also getting used to the consequences of the method. It’s not for everyone. You can take some big slaps. I might even say, it’s for Dad’s only. This game created an action path or habit where, once in a trade, I was able to open up the same path and add (even aggressively) to my positions.

The Bigger Lesson

Yes, this has been important for my trading. Maybe more important however is the idea that being a Dad isn’t in conflict with my work. In fact, it feeds my work, makes me better with my time and demands a higher standard for my efforts.

Many traders out there need perfect conditions to trade.

I do not. I am a Dad after all.

There are times where other things take priority and trading is on the back burner. More importantly, allowing the human elements of life work their way into my every day flow has slowed me down, made me more thoughtful and come up with some very interesting solutions.

So next time you find yourself in a trade where you clearly have the advantage, do the Dad thing and really stick it to ’em.

Risk it for a Biscuit

In January, my focus was consistent wins. Base hits if you will. Show up and continue to be a CPT. February however, my goal was different. There have been three times in my trading career where I’ve been able to take small steady returns and turn them into much bigger returns. There have been a few other times when it hasn’t worked and I start back over at zero.

Below is a graph of my January P/L. Trading NQ as a scalper. I was willing to risk my January returns for higher February returns. Worse case, I start March at zero and have most of the year to still produce.

Get a Piece, Take the Whole.
January, as you can see went well. Each bar is a day. Focused on base hits and capital protection.

February, as you can see turned out a winner. I increased each trade sequentially. No other adjustments than size and aggression.

As you can see, The first few days were a struggle. I kept hitting foul balls. The trick here is just to stay the course, don’t let it in your head. Then things started to break my way a bit. When this happens, I don’t ask why, no different then with the foul balls. I stay the course. The only job is to stay committed to the plan.

The most CRITICAL thing I can pass on from this : Execute with razor focus.

Each trade consequence is measured. It’s in line with the end intentions of maximizing potential returns without increasing consequence beyond what is tolerable.

This is why a nuanced sense of risk is so important in this game.

Now, mid month. I am done trading.

I did what I came to do and I have earned the ability to watch and plan for march. This allows me time to cool down and return to my CPT mindset. Stack bricks without expectations.

I wanted to take a minute, as I cool down, to write out how I made this work. What mindset it took. I don’t know that this will be helpful to anyone but myself. I share it simply to solidify the process for myself honestly. (it’s all very self serving)

Risk v Consequence

I’ve written about this a bit here. The way I think about Risk is not in a single trade but, overall what am I exposed to. By interacting in the way that I am, what potential adverse effects may it have over time. Consequence is more direct. What are the direct consequences of my actions. With consequence, it’s not that I want them to be low, in fact, I often want them to be high. They are a knob I can adjust depending on the situation and my intentions with the action. I want to understand and accept them before I take the action. I also want to be sure that the consequences of my actions do not accept too much overall risk.

Primary Colors

I go into more detail on this idea here. This is another simple and clear way of thinking through my execution. I operate with the following three colors.

Control : Who has the ball, where do they fumble, where do they drive it home?

Positional Advantage : Where am I located on relation to my opponent as well as my cohorts?

Trade Impact
: How meaningful is this trade to my overall curve?

With these three concepts in my mind while I execute a trade, I am able to override all other desires that lead many traders to failure. The “fight” for advantage puts me in the best headspace to both cover my downside and increase my upside. The only metric I changed in my trading was Trade Impact. I did this by adding aggressively when trades were working. I also looked for more “waterfall” type moves and capitulations. Lucky for me, Feb was full of them.

That’s the beauty of it. This time, for whatever reason, the market was supportive of my idea. There have been times and there will be times when this isn’t the case and these trades come back in my face. I can live with that.

As I lace these concepts together, I am able to get a three dimensional view of how I want to handle my bets. I can ignore the noise that most people get lost in and simply manage my own bankroll.

It’s critical to understand that in this action, I accept zero “new risk”. I am only risking what has been given to me by the market. This creates an ideal situation. You can call it “playing with house money”. What makes this possible however is the ability to “gamble” it all and, if you end up back at zero, you walk away. No drama, no trauma.

Most likely, I won’t do another one of these until later in the year. They are very stressful and require focus that can be hard to pull off. It’s honestly my preference to simply trade a solid EV system day in and day out and tack consistent wins. That takes almost no effort at this point.


March starts at zero. My base position size has increased but I will return to a smaller size than I traded in Feb. I will have to build my curve back up again from nothing. For me, this is the best part. To start back at ground zero. Time to fully prove out the edge again over time. Forget what you did, forget what happened, time to do it again.

This keeps me sharp. Keeps me constantly on my best. Ultimately, that is what we are here for.

Onward and upward.


Hidden in plain sight.

Have you ever looked back at a chart and said to yourself, “why the hell did I trade that chart that way? Why didn’t I see what was really going on and join?”

We all have. That’s the reality of trading, to some degree. We have to accept some misalignment. The other fact of the matter is that I don’t believe an “edge” has to be complex of even perfect because of the massive amount of information humans tend to miss simply due to bias.

There is no need to race your competition when you can simply put a stick in their spokes

I don’t believe that people understand the degree they, and others, block out information because it makes them uncomfortable. This is why my actual “trading edge” is not complex nor does it consider many factors. The reality is, we don’t need to see everything to see what others don’t, what others can’t. What others won’t allow themselves to see.

It doesn’t stop there either. It’s not just that we omit certain information. The information we intake get’s processed subconsciously before it hits our conscious mind. We assume we are getting the “real data” but in fact, we are getting it through a bias filter.

The following is simple a block of text output by ChatGPT in a conversation about cognitive bias and how it effects our mental filter. I wanted to post it here in order to refer back to it in future posts. To take advantage of the following, read it and consider what things people may not see because of bias. Also consider what you might do to disengage from some of these biases. What ways can you disincentivize your mind from moving towards some of these bias’.

Trading is a daily battle between our rational minds and our own bias and impatience.

It seems like people are able to be fairly blind to these qualities in themselves. 

I wonder how they may have these qualities but not notice and what kinds of actions that might produce. 


Indeed, the phenomenon you’ve highlighted is known as cognitive bias, where individuals exhibit systematic patterns of deviation from rationality in judgment and decision-making. People often have these qualities of risk aversion, loss aversion, and other biases without fully recognizing them. Several factors contribute to this phenomenon:

  1. Subconscious Processing: Many cognitive biases operate at a subconscious level, influencing individuals’ thoughts, perceptions, and behaviors without their awareness. These biases are ingrained in human cognition and can shape decision-making processes without conscious recognition.
  2. Selective Attention: Individuals may selectively attend to information that confirms their existing beliefs or biases while disregarding contradictory evidence. This selective attention can create a distorted perception of reality, leading individuals to overlook or downplay the influence of cognitive biases on their decision-making.
  3. Heuristics and Mental Shortcuts: Humans often rely on heuristics and mental shortcuts to simplify complex decision-making tasks and conserve cognitive resources. While these heuristics can be efficient, they can also lead to systematic errors and biases in judgment. Individuals may unknowingly apply these heuristics without recognizing their potential pitfalls.
  4. Social Influence: Social factors, such as peer pressure, groupthink, and conformity, can shape individuals’ perceptions and behaviors in subtle ways. People may conform to group norms or consensus opinions without critically evaluating the underlying rationale or considering alternative viewpoints.
  5. Emotional Influences: Emotions play a significant role in decision-making, influencing individuals’ risk perceptions, preferences, and choices. Emotional responses, such as fear, greed, and overconfidence, can override rational analysis and lead to biased decision-making processes.

These qualities of human cognition and decision-making can produce various actions and outcomes:

  1. Overconfidence: Individuals may exhibit overconfidence in their abilities and judgments, leading them to take excessive risks or make overly optimistic predictions about future outcomes.
  2. Avoidance of Uncertainty: People may avoid situations that involve uncertainty or ambiguity, preferring familiar and predictable options even if they offer lower potential rewards.
  3. Reluctance to Change: Cognitive biases can create inertia and reluctance to change established beliefs or behaviors, even in the face of new information or changing circumstances.
  4. Suboptimal Decision-Making: Cognitive biases can result in suboptimal decision-making processes, leading to missed opportunities, financial losses, and other adverse outcomes.
  5. Reinforcement of Biases: Confirmation bias and other cognitive biases can reinforce individuals’ existing beliefs and biases, creating self-reinforcing cycles of thought and behavior.

In summary, while individuals may possess qualities of risk aversion and cognitive biases, they may not always recognize or acknowledge these tendencies in themselves. Awareness of cognitive biases and their potential impact on decision-making is essential for improving judgment, reducing errors, and making more informed choices in various domains of life, including investing and finance.

While I don’t intent to overuse this type of research method on this website, I did find that block interesting and helpful and was unable to, in good conscious edit or alter it to “make it my own”. So I present it to you raw.

This may seem a bit esoteric. It’s actually very practical.

There are no secrets in markets. Only surprises.

I trade surprises.


My first “real” trade was a TSLA long where I bought with everything I had from the sale of a house. Sounds sketchier than it felt. It was not a purchase made in haste. I had a plan, but zero experience. It gapped up overnight. I added the next morning, full margin.

I rode that trade for a week or so as it sored into the S&P inclusion. It was a beautiful thing. I had no idea what I was doing. Other than skipping the “risk 5% of your account” or whatever people recommend, I traded it well despite my ignorance.. Initial position, add on confirmation, scale out into strength. The trade was textbook. I wouldn’t change a thing.

Except I was clueless. I mean, I had “done my research” whatever that meant but really, it was 2020 and things were going up. I knew the news was pending and price seemed to be reduced in it’s daily fluctuations. I had a “gotta cut it” point if it didn’t work but, who knows if I would have respected it. I like to think I would have.

My Super Power

I’ve always been able to push away from the table.

I took that win, banked it. Everyone around me said I should hold. I knew enough to know that when you win a wild hand, you have to take the money and run. A bird-in-hand as my friend Scott says.

Let me be honest. Markets have never been some great mystery to me. From that early win to a handful of swing trades using “The Squeeze” to basic technical analysis and trend following and capitulation fading and order-flow and volume analysis and price action and options greeks and all the things you can learn about markets, it’s never been “hard”.

The way people throw consequences to the wind when the chance to “make life changing money” arrives and the irrationality that follows when it doesn’t materialize has never been that hard to see. Combine that with some basic bank roll management skills and you’re going to do just fine.

That’s not the issue.

Despite all these things being fairly simple, my early trading was marked by clean, easy grinds up followed by devastating blowouts and freefalls. Four weeks of solid trading met by one day of going bananas and giving much if not all back.

Despite a solid start and an ability to “read” markets, my blowup cycle was the same as everyone else’s.

It was predictable.

One day, after a solid two week run, I showed a friend my P/L graph and said “I’d short that if I was you”.

A few days later, I was back at square one.

It was brutal.

In all the things I have done, I don’t know if there is something that was as painful as this. The boom and bust cycle of my first year. I would back test and then blow up the forward test. I would track my trades in a spreadsheet and then blow up the spreadsheet. Maybe it was lack of sleep. Maybe it was a bad system. Maybe it was a lack of a daily loss. Maybe it was that was was an idiot.

Who knows?

What I DO know is that a few core beliefs about myself and markets changed my mindset dramatically. The trick with beliefs, they are not an idea you had or an observation you like, They need to become central to who you are. They must override all other counter beliefs. They need to become so deeply a part of who you are that action upon them comes out without hesitation.

This takes time and is what quality trade execution is made up of. This is why trading cannot be taught. It’s not about a price pattern but a belief system. While someone can show you good beliefs, they cannot make you believe them. You must decide what yours are and internalize them until they define every action you take.

Until they fully override fear, impulse, neediness, compulsion, capitulation and rage.

My Core Beliefs:

The following are things I know are true and that give me the mental resolve to interact well each day with the markets.

Markets are Random :
Sure, their are repeated patterns but you don’t need to know what is going to happen to make money. You also can’t take responsibility for what the market does after you enter, only what you do. Put the trade on, do your job and move on. Stop or profit.
The Rational Take from the Irrational :
It’s not about perfection. It’s about rationality. As long as you can hold a clear head, you’re good to go. When that wavers, bail.
Dumb is Fun but Doesn’t Pay :
Traders have a strange anti-intellectual quality. I’m not into that. Use your brain. Simplify your edge, maximize your profit.
Clever Costs :
We cannot dance around the miserable parts of trading. Embrace them. Overthinking is pain avoidance.
Less is More :
When you want to add a trade or an indicator, take one off. You’re looking for certainty. Instead, look for rationality. Most likely, you’re buying the first dip or selling the first rip, optimize the way you think about this instead of adding more colors to your charts. Shave your head and trade a naked chart. Cut the fluff.
Good Trades Come Slow and Happen Fast :
Be patient, then decisive. You will have to feel like you’re not doing anything. That’s the job. Then sprint! We’re not here for volume, we’re here for power.
Losing Doesn’t Make You a Loser :
Losing is part of winning. Nothing more, nothing less. There are not greater take-aways from a loss. What didn’t work today, might tomorrow.
Just Stop :
Perhaps the most important and most overlooked. It’s ok to quit. I quit each day.
Sh!t Happens :
We make mistakes. Nothing you can do about it. Get used to it. The worst thing you can do is double down on a mistake to try and cover it up. Let it be what it is.
Watching > Trading :
We all love action. I’ve learned that it is truly better to be out and wish you were in then be in and wish you were out. The job is to watch. This is a massive edge.

Some of these you have heard. Some are clichés. They are cliché for a reason and they are meaningless to all of us until we deeply internalize them. Hearing them is different than believing them.

How do you know what your beliefs are?

You should read my other post on Dissonance. We can find marks of our beliefs in our trades, our journals, perhaps in our own bodies. Tension during a trade, either mentally or physically, can (if we take the time) lead us down a path to better understanding what we are thinking and why.

This is where the really interesting things are.

Remember how I said markets are easy?

Well, they are. They are fun also. I think we all share a great interest in markets, what they do, why they do it and most importantly, what they might do next. However, our own mind is, or should be, by far the most interesting thing we interact with each day.

I love building trading systems, making bets, trying again, winning, losing. The whole thing is just a good time. The magic however, is in the mind. It is in the ability of the operator to navigate their own headspace. To fist control it and then run it red hot.

In my post, Primary Colors, I talk about how, if we know the building blocks, we can not only control a thing but exploit it. That is what this is all about. This website, my work in this post and the ones before it. My aim is not to pontificate about the phycological side of trading. It is to find the handles of my own mind and run it as hard as I can.

Organize your chart. Organize your mind. Organize your method.

Ultimately, this is what it all comes down to. Organization with purpose. Find the most critical quality of something, then reduce until there is no impurity. Refined.

That should be your aim as well.

Those of you who have read these posts, thank you. I hope you get something out of them. I hope you find small parts of your own mind and capacity that you didn’t know about before. Either way, thanks for reading.

Blank Space

It’s dark. The air is cold. The streets are silent and empty. Nothing but the sound of my own feet shuffling over the asphalt.

It’s been a long day. Up early, loads of work, we all know the way it works for go-getters in middle age. An endless loop of tasks, requests, events and thoughts. My thoughts. Your thoughts, my wife’s thoughts… my kids thoughts. Even my dog’s thoughts are floating around in my head at the end of the day. It’s chaos.

Not here.

Not out here on the road. Out here, in the cold dark evening after every normal person has settled into their warm house, I shuffle slowly down a narrow country road. No headphones. No lights. No company. No music. No podcasts. Nothing.

This is how I spend winter evenings. After all, winter miles make summer smiles.

It’s so much more than that.

I’ve always been a runner. At least as an adult. I found it in my early twenties and started racking up long miles when I lived in New York. It was a way to get away from the screens, break out of my city apartment and work through the day’s thoughts while exploring streets I knew I would soon be leaving. At twenty three, working in a major film studio and living in a city I didn’t know, it gave me a perfect escape. Rain, snow, didn’t matter. If my legs hurt or me knee ached, I’d just start slower.

Now, 15 years later, I still do the same thing. The habit I formed and followed then still forms the structure of my evenings today. Three kids, half a dozen cities and more mistakes than I care to count, I still look forward to that evening run. Rain or shine.


At some point, in the middle, I started eyeing longer distances. It was pre-kids and partly because, if I decided to go for a twenty mile run, I knew I had 3-4 hours on the trail before I would have to decide what else I should do with my Saturday. That and the access of now living in the west, I could see so many great things, think so many great thoughts all from the comfort of my own running shorts. I’ve run Marathons. I’ve run Ultras. My preference…. alone.

It’s always been this way. I hate official races. The chatter, the colors, the people… it’s all too much honestly. A total racket.

That’s just me. Running has never really been athletic for me personally. Yes, I stay in good shape but it’s always been about the mental side. I hardly track miles or times. I track thoughts.

I track dissonance.

I don’t track distance now. I track dissonance.

I didn’t understand this or a long time. I knew there was value but I didn’t know exactly what. All my best ideas have come from these long runs but, also I believe much of who I am today has as well. If you are a runner or spend a fair amount of time on foot, you likely feel the same way. It’s as if you are able to roll back the fog for a moment or two and see land. This land is the land you are sailing towards and the more time spent away from running, the thicker the fog gets. Before you know it, you are packed in heavy grey and not sure why you even started sailing in the first place.

Noise creates clutter and that clutter builds into dissonance.

Dissonance is simply a lack of harmony or a mental conflict of some kind. Perhaps a belief, maybe conflicting goals, perhaps our actions are not fully aligned with our desired outcome. We are ignorant to our logical inconsistency and our minds work hard to solve the problem. This active solving of an unsolvable problem creates inner tension and irritation.

This is a problem.

It’s a problem because, as long as we are existing with two conflicting ideas (often more) we live in a space of dishonesty. These are fairly easy to spot in other people.

The climate change advocate who flies to Cancun on vacation.

The loving father who spends weekend in the office.

It’s far harder to spot it in ourselves. We do a fairly good job covering it up, compartmentalizing, rationalizing or maybe simply ignoring.

Not only that but they are far more bothersome to us than we want to admit. We stifle our fitness goals with compromise in snack choice, we erode real life friendships with a desire to get “followers”, we reduce quality time with our kids by being mentally elsewhere.

It’s hard for most people to be harsh and honest with yourself in the way you need to be in order to sort through this level of personal noise.

Not when we’re running.

When you run or walk for long periods of time, these inner conflicts… they dissipate. We see through our own nonsense, our own false self. Like through a fog, we see land.

You know why? We’re too tired.

When you run distance, you’re just too tired for your own B.S. You can’t support it any longer. It’s extra cargo that needs to be thrown over the side.

We get honest with ourselves. We can clearly identify things that are a waste and things that are of value. We throw our hands up into the air and say “who gives a sh!t!”. Exhausted from our excuses. They seem like such silliness now, alone on the road. Legs aching and shoulders tired.

That is what is looks like to break dissonance.

In that moment, it’s not that we don’t care. It’s that we run out of energy for the things we don’t care about. We are forced to lighten the load. Not because we want to or because it’s easy. Because its required. It’s survival.

"Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony"  - Mahatma Gandhi

That’s a pretty good definition of what produces happiness.

In the end, I think that is what this is all really about. I think why running, even in miserable conditions can be so enjoyable. It’s about alignment. Alignment of purpose. Alignment of intention. It’s about reducing the nag of things we don’t realy care about. In exhaustion, we drop every meaningless thing and focus only on what is paramount. About getting to the point.


When I was younger, I saw the Gandhi quote above as a call to honesty. Perhaps to reduce people pleasing tendency or to stop trying to be something you aren’t. I was focused on the external output of the idea. This surely brought me a lot of happiness and has made my life better however, a whole new world opened up when I realized much of my own stress was caused by simply not making a decision on my own thoughts. This simple ambiguity was causing dissonance.

You have two good thoughts. Both are legitimate. Regardless of their quality, one must be picked and in picking, you must fully commit to the consequences of having picked it.

This is where the real magic is. Distillation. Taking from an endless world of good options, one thing. One thing and being fully committed to that one thing. Rain, wind, sun, doesn’t matter.

As I lace up my shoes

Another dark evening. Kids in bed. I’m exhausted. It’s raining slightly; enough that I will be damp and cold for the next 90 minutes.

I am running the same route I ran last night. Sure, there are better routes I could run, ways I could get exercise and keep feeling in my fingers. It’s not about that.

It’s not about being tough either. Not about grit or some macho-chacho nonsense. I have nothing left to prove, too old for that. It’s simply a commitment to doing what I do, what I love. Reduction in noise. To be exhausted.

I take pain to remove pain.

The physical pain I am taking now is nothing compared to the mental pain of inner conflict and a life half lived. I aim, as you should aim, to live a full life dedicated to only a few most important things. Things that, when it’s all said and done have resonance, have tone.

The end will come. When it does, very little of what we spent our time caring about will matter.

Masterful | Expressive | Destructive

"Art is the competition of honesty, not the competition of cleverness."

This is confusing for many people. We think of art as something pretty or a nice bit of color or perhaps based on our tastes. A lot of people fall in love with a “style” of art. While this is fine from a visual standpoint, it’s a bit like a Rube Goldberg device is to an engineer. Yes, it’s fun and enjoyable to look at but since it serves no purpose, it’s not meaningful and often simply a distraction.

There are also a lot of times art, especially modern is ugly. Maybe upsetting even in nature. It’s not that it’s trying to be purposefully offensive in this way, it’s that it’s seeking to be honest. The beauty of art seen this way is that, the only truly offensive art is that which is false.

I believe these three categories represent the main elements of all human creative expression. These are the primary colors of what we lay on top of the colors. In my last post Primary Colors, I talk about the paint and the painting. What we are to look at next is the painting. the meaning of it all. A point I make is that if we understand the core items we not only understand but can create with them. If we think about art or any kind of creation in this way, we might both understand how to better craft a message and fulfill our own creative desires.

Set aside taste

Before we dive into some work, let’s set aside our preferences. This is a good habit whenever we look to find out what is true, whenever we seek honesty. What we prefer is meaningless in the face of what is true. This can be difficult to do. It’s not something everyone can do. Often, people get so squeamish about how honest some art is that give up on art because it’s “too weird”. Well, here’s the deal. People are weird and art is only as weird as they are.

We can however judge if the works “speak to us”. This is important. “Is what the artist is saying meaningful to me?” This is a second layer we apply over the first.

Let’s explore these three items : Masterful, Expressive, and Destructive.

Below we are going to look at some classic examples of art that has moved art history. We’ll label them quickly with the “colors” that apply to them. The categories that make them resonate with the audience. I will also give a brief explanation of why they are important.

David, Michelangelo : Masterful + Expressive.

A masterpiece in marble. Commissioned by the catholic church, it’s distinctive quality as a work of art is it’s groundbreaking scale and quality.

The Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci : Masterful + Expressive.

What made da Vinci’s last supper stand out was how he solved the issue of seeing all the characters involved. The composition is the stand out brilliance of the work, supported by da Vinci’s masterful handling of the medium.

Untitled, Jackson Pollock : Masterful + Destructive.

A style some struggle with, Pollock was responding to what felt like a thousand years of the human figure and nature scenes. While handling the medium masterfully, he also broke the traditional norms of narrative.

Fountain, Marcel Duchamp : Destructive.

Stepping further, Duchamp was essentially flipping the bird to the established art world by submitting a toilet as his piece of choice. While he made some statement about everyday objects being art, reality is that the story comes through pretty clear. It’s all bullshit.

Guernica, Picasso : Masterful + Expressive.

An expressive piece in response to the German bombing of Guernica, Picasso uses his distinct style to say more than could be said in a more traditional format.

Nighthawks, Edward Hopper : Masterful + Expressive

The clear narrative style and pleasing pallet of the 1940’s and 50’s comes through in nighthawks as Hopper seeks to illustrate the experience of urban life in America at the time.

Great artwork is the distillation and communication of honest ideas done masterfully.

If that isn’t interesting, I don’t know what is.

What makes it infinitely more interesting on a day to day basis and as a person exploring ideas is the radical commitment to honesty. A commitment that is willing to suffer to understand what is true.

When I was in my twenties, I made a “radical” choice (as many twentysomethings do). I made a choice to pursue a creative career. More so, to pursue a creative life. I couldn’t articulate it then as I might be able to now but, this was less about being somebody or even being great at something and much more about living an honest life. Over and over, I made choices I felt I could live with regardless of if they could be defended or understood.

Perhaps influenced by those Art History classes I took getting that Fine Art degree I hold today. Perhaps influenced by my father or the other role models in my life as a kid. Perhaps simply because I could feel the power of destructive honesty.

Consider the contrast of these three themes. How might you mix them together to create something interesting, something honest?

My personal favorite creative expression?

Use mastery of medium or skill to generate income and then destroy it by giving it away.

I learned python, started a small SaaS firm in 2013, made 20k in a month and gave my car away. Turned $600 into 5K over 6 weeks in my first futures trading account, withdrew it and gave it away to a family raising their kids and helping build communities in the Dominican.

I want to use these ideas to confront my own sensibilities. The break out of my own dishonest limitations.

Whatever color is made by the combination of Mastery and Destruction is by far my favorite. Always will be. Nothing to do with what you should do or could do or what people say is best. It’s simply a raw expression of my honest belief that it doesn’t matter.

It’s my toilet on the wall.

Forget pretty. Forget clever.
Let’s be honest.

Primary Colors

There are a lot of times we look around and all we see is noise. Chatter, he said, she said. Especially in this time of high data and content, all at our finger tips. How do we sort it? I don’t mean account data or data that can be put on a spreadsheet. I mean human data. People, behavior, myself, markets, the whole mess of it!

This is where I think some creative concepts might give us guidance. In art, we don’t have a spreadsheet. We don’t have any answers often we don’t even have questions. We must start with a blank canvas each time.

Totally blank.

This is quite daunting. To stare into the canvas and be expected to produce something. Something “fresh” or “new” or “expressive” or perhaps “accurate”. It’s almost impossible to comprehend really. But, humans do it. We do it all the time. Great artist produce great works not only with accuracy but with beauty.


I believe it is a combination of hard skills and soft skills put together in such a way as neither of them are really recognized. It’s math and emotion. It’s problem solving and intuition. Its a complex mix of so many things that I think, for must people, they can do nothing more than stand back and say “wow”.

But how do we move ourselves closer to this level of creation?

I’ve spent 20 years asking myself this question. I did not have training at an early age or any talent or gift at it when I started. I just honestly loved drawing. I had to be able to do it. Nothing less, nothing more.

This meant that I had to go through the painful process of being fully conscious while growing my creative and artistic skills. This made progress often slow but it also allowed me to see it as it happened. This gave me a lot of insight into the human mind and how it might wrestle with a skill far greater than it’s current ability.

Wander with me for a moment and let’s try to unpack some concepts that I think may open up our ability to overcome some of the worlds most complex and unpredictable datasets. Markets.

Yellow | Red | Blue.

When painting, we understand the three primary colors.

What is interesting about this isn’t the colors themselves but the vast array of combinations they create. When we paint, we often look at a painting and see that it is a bit flat, maybe it’s a bit dull or perhaps a touch off in some hard to understand way. Over time, with experience in the medium, the artist will develop a sense of what is wrong and understand how to adjust for it.

An example, a painting with all warm colors can often come off flat and dull despite a range in contrast. Once you add a bit of blue, the work will pop to life.

Why does this matter?

A painting is two things. It’s a large dataset of color and it’s a second large dataset of information. There is the paint and there is the painting.

What is wild to me is that, at some point, humans looked at enough things and were able to boil them down into those three colors. Think about that. That is wild. We were able to shrink the dataset down so much that we found three things (yellow, red, blue) that drive all color as seen from the human eye.

That is amazing.

What happened when we did this?

We were able to take control of it. Once we understood it, in this simple root form we were then able to become not just seers of the world around us but creators of it, in painting form. Once we were able to control the paint, we gained control over the painting.

This should tell us a few things.

  1. We are very good at handling very large datasets. The human mind can reduce something to it’s core with some accuracy.
  2. Once we find the root of a thing, we gain control over it and are able to exploit it.
  3. The exploiting of this information gives us creative power to bring new things into the world (limited by our human plain of existence).

Maybe this single idea is enough to give us a basic road map to human creativity.

If we stopped here, and mastered color on canvas, we could produce some really beautiful works. Let’s say we continue in threes and add to color, brushes and canvas.

Now we not only can learn to master colors as they combine but also the application of it through the mechanics of a brush. Paint can be laid heavy in thick globs or brushed thin and light. There are many many more simple variables to play with in this one bit of data but, if we add canvas, we now have space to combine the previous two nodes into countless combinations over a space.

Here is where things get weird.

Let’s get into some math.

If we have the numbers 1,2,3 and we have three slots to put them in, we have 27 different combinations we could use. We’re all probably aware of how this works.

It works the same with color, brush and canvas. Instead of numbers, we are using nodes.

Color = Yellow, Red, Blue.

Brush = Width, Hair Type, Density.

Canvas = Roughness, Tension, Thickness.

What this means is that with just a few variables, we can make something that looks very complex. Not only that but we can make almost infinite things that look complex. If we spent 100 years painting with just these three variables, we may never get the same painting twice. We will surly get a few that could look a lot of alike but no duplicates.

We can dial these values all day long!

This is the kind of data branch the human mind does understand. We get easily lost in big datasets with random details but, if we categories each into a branch, we begin to wrap out heads around it. Not only that but we begin to understand it. From there, we can control it. We can create with it.

The tricky part is that the base data we choose to build off must be true.

Garbage in = Garbage out.

If we are asking the wrong questions, we will never get the right answers. If we believe purple to be a primary color, we will never produce the work we want to produce. This is the great tragedy of markets and social media. You watch people constantly asking the wrong questions and produce right answers to those wrong questions. It’s brutal to watch.

It’s critical that we spend time finding the core variables that matter. It’s worth it.

If we find the right data to care about, we can then not care about any other data AND we can exploit the data we do find. This opens us to creation. We are capable of looking into the massive and terrifying array of endless noise and extract value.

We can find the variables that matter and begin to play in the places where most people panic.

Next, I want to explore the concepts of what we overlay on top of the color. What meaning do we apply to our work and how can understanding those variables help us both create better creative expression and more powerful experiences.

Stop Your Endless Effort

I’ve said it before, every man needs an endless project. Something to throw themselves into fully. To give themselves to. A challenge.

Markets attract hard workers. They attract the smart, the overachievers, those willing to put in the effort. The grinders. The self starters.

Then they consume them.

Years. Years lost in forums and threads searching for systems and ideas, back-tests, methods, tools, strategies. Few are lucky enough to avoid this trap. “I just need to understand one more good method, dial my strategy in just a little more”, the thought loops forever in their heads. Meanwhile a rolodex of useless information lays at their feet.

Those that do avoid the strategy trap, often fall into another…. the trap of endless self-help and psychology. Traveling never-ending paths of emotional difficulty through past events and childhood trauma. “There must be a reason I do what I do, why I am what I am. I know I’ll figure it out one day”, they think to themselves.

Yet they never find an answer that satisfies their need.

They remain in the comments. Always after another nugget of wisdom or signal.

Over time, their passionate dreams of who they are trying to become solidify into crusty, lifeless memories they never achieved. Another frozen corpse just shy of Everest’s Peak. They stand alone with piles of endless effort and no meaningful result.

 All streams flow into the sea,
    yet the sea is never full.
To the place the streams come from,
    there they return again.
 All things are wearisome,
    more than one can say.
The eye never has enough of seeing,
    nor the ear its fill of hearing.
 What has been will be again,
    what has been done will be done again;
    there is nothing new under the sun.
Ecclesiastes 1:7-9

The above statement is true, regardless of your personal worldview or beliefs. Proven more so today than ever before yet no less true in any period of human history.

So why is this?

Why are so many capable people failures in the end for a game that should be reasonably simple to solve? It’s not lack of intelligence. It’s not lack of effort. Not lack of knowledge or time or desire.

You are unsatisfied.

You want more. You want more money, you want more time, you want more knowledge. If someone offers you more, more of anything, you will take it. This is the problem. In markets, there is always more. At least in the offering. There is always another trade, another setup, another dollar you could have made.

Each one of these next potential opportunities offers to fill that lack of satisfaction in another area of your life.

Life is never perfect. It’s often not even that great. Why do people spent endless hours staring into a screen? It’s more pleasant than real life. There are few things better than being successful. To do something and to have done it well. This, like water in a river, only last a moment and we then pass on to the next.

Of all the things we are never without, lack is the one that dominates the human mind.

The burden of being present and an alive person is that each moment is measured individually. Life is an aggregate and we, like a trade, feel each one. The last one does hold beyond the next. Therefor, the satisfaction of success in anything is limited. Limited to the moment of it’s completion. Then… life moves on.

In this moment, we chose to continue instead of complete.

We move to the next thing. Back into back-testing. Back into study, and effort and work and trying. Even those who obtain some level of success still find themselves on an never ending loop of effort and digging and grinding.


This is misery. Maybe it seems normal to you now but it is misery. It’s also not something you can do long term in markets, trading your own capital. You will one day, give it all back in search of that satisfaction.

We know how to start things. We know how to work but we don’t know how to end things.

You must end it.

This will never come from something external. You will never reach a place where you say “There, now I have done it, I will be done now. Because I did x, I can be finished”. You have to find a way to declare the end in your own work.

As an artist, you decide when the last pen stroke has hit the paper. You are not “happy” with it. You are simply done.

As the creator, you have to decide when that is. When a piece is complete. It is the same in markets. The day is done when you say it is. The system is done when you say it is. The research is done when you say it is. Anything less is insecurity, wanting, needing. Markets love needing. No matter how clever or hard working, they eat needy people.

I can’t help you.

Unfortunately, I cannot give you a way to do this. I cannot give you something that will allow you to finish your work. Only you can do that. Only you know what will satisfy your endless needing. I know what satisfies mine but it will not be what satisfies yours.

Like Forest Gump, after running across the USA multiple times, you have to decide to be finished. Just as, one day you decided to start.

I just felt like running” needs to be followed, at some point by “I’m pretty tired. I think I’ll go home now.“.

You are the creator of your experience. You are the creator of your journey. Therefor, just as you decided to start, you must also decide when you are done. To trade well, you must do this daily. Often multiple times per day, per trade perhaps.

“This one is done”.

Now, move on. At no point will you have seen enough. You will never feel that great sense of satisfaction you were looking for. You will never reach the goal you have set, only make a new one once you get closer. The problem you solve today will create a new one tomorrow.

Take a step back. Understand that it never ends. Stop grinding. Stop hammering into long nights. Stop digging for more answers. You have what you need and, naturally over time, what you need next will come to you. no different than a trade setup.

As a fly fisherman, I cannot do anything to catch a fish but toss my line with as much care as possible. Everything else, I just have to accept. Enjoy the sights, the sounds, the time to think while I let the fish do their job of biting.

Take that last cast.

This changes your internal positioning. It must. After you’ve done the work, after your spent the time, after your earned the right to call it complete, you must now allow yourself to receive whatever it is this life has for you.

I would argue, the only way to go where you want to go, to get what you hope to get, is to put in massive effort, then call it complete. Finished. Then receive whatever is on the other end of the action.

This is a mind bender for most.

Most people cannot care to the level you need to care and then just…. let it go.

It’s an impossible task. It feel reckless at least and totally insane at worst. This is why consensus in markets cannot win. It never will. It cannot wrap it’s head around this. It’s what makes trading art. We cannot control the success of the outcome, only the effort put in and our releasing of the result to chance. Subjectivity. A big fat maybe.

We are engineers of “….. perhaps”

Once the effort is in, the action released, if chance offers you the opportunity to be right, the least you can do is take full advantage of it and be grateful for the experience.

Embrace Intensity

I sat on the patio of a small coffee shop in Venice Beach.

I hadn’t ordered anything yet, I was waiting for someone. Not just anyone but someone in particular. Heart rate was elevated. Trying to be cool. I took a deep breath.

I might as well have been 400ft up a bare granite wall trying to fit a cam while my legs shook.

I was scared.

Sure, I’d gotten coffee with plenty of young ladies before but something about this felt more important. My typical cool headed, ultra casual demeanor had given way to raw nerves.

I stopped my mind from racing for a moment and though, “this is what I am here for”. I took a deep breath. My heart rate slowed. My shoulders relaxed. I felt the intensity of the moment. I embraced it. I smiled.

The girl I was meeting that day would, 9 months later be my wife. It was, in the end, an important cup of coffee. At least for us. My intensity gauge reading a bit hot that day was appropriate.

I am confident you can relate.

Maybe in a relationship, maybe a meaningful business meeting. Perhaps an extreme outdoor adventure (my favorite). Regardless the occasion that created the intensity, I learned something that morning.

To dial the intensity down in the above moment, I used a method I had used countless times high up on a rock a face. I took a deep breath and I embraced the intensity. After all, I LOVE that feeling. Maybe nothing better in the world. Probably describes an adrenaline junky. I am ok with that.

What does that look like?

Well, a few things.

First – You must acknowledge that the moment is intense. We run into irrational thinking issues when we fail to accept this. We hold the intensity off trying to not let it in. You must let it in.

Second – You must accept the intensity and know that it can’t hurt you. Sure, heartbreak is terrible and all but it was a risk I was willing to take.

Third – You must embrace the intensity. The first two are like eye contact and a handshake. To truly sit in the intensity and benefit from it, you must also wrap your arms around it. You must love it.

In Markets

Have you ever traded well but then went up in size and blew out? We all have at some point I am sure. Some people say this is a mystical self-sabotage and you’ll never get over in until you deal with every past trauma you’ve ever had. In some cases, this may be true! In contrast however, what I find in many is that it’s just that they weren’t ready for the increase in intensity and when this got them over their skis when fear took over.

Breathing is a byproduct.

What I have found is that breathing exercises alone do not help me reduce intensity or heartrate. I’ve tried. I typically just stay anxious or nervous.

To walk through the steps above, mentally allows for an immediate shift in breathing. Like I said in the story, my shoulders relaxed and my breathing slowed. You allow yourself to feel that intensity. Live in it for a moment. Take it on. Let it in your veins.

You calm down. Your thinking slows. Rationality returns.

I actively use this thought pattern for outdoor sports, workouts with increased intensity, confrontations, intense business items and.. every single day before I start trading.

It might take a try or two but I think you’ll find value in it. Tom Hoggard talks about a similar idea in his book Best Loser Wins. He says that before the day has started, he’s already been through his worst case scenario in his mind. I typically do a quick mental trading session and then breath it out using the method above. I’ve found it to do two things.

One : Increase my willingness to take “spicy” trades. The ones with the highest R:R.

Two: Reduces my frustration when it doesn’t work. I was already prepared for this to go poorly. I’ve accepted it.

I hope this gives you something to think about.
If not, too bad so sad.

The Cost of Moral Collapse

Wander with me for a moment.

We are all aware with the issue of slavery in early American society. It’s clear and apparent and in so many ways, something we, as a country are still working to resolve.

What I want to explore here is not the topic itself but the model it creates. Especially as it applies to bias and decision making.

Some facts.

The economic model of the south was built on cotton and the need for cheap labor to produce it. This created, in contrast to the northern states, an incentive to see slavery as positive. There was financial incentive to dehumanize African Americans in order to continue to produce wealth at low cost.

This is not a new concept. Much has been written on it and I don’t plan to either compete with or correct it. I simply want to highlight how a slight nudge here or there can produce lasting consequences that often take much longer to correct than we anticipate.

Here is the model :

Incentive (wealth creation) > Moral Adjustment (devaluing human life based on skin color) > Conflict (moral disagreement of adjustment made) > Double Down on Adjustment (Desire to remain in alignment with incentive) > Bias Creation ( cultural normalization of moral adjustment) > Decision Collision (civil war in this case) > Expansion into Long Term Consequences (the clear and long lasting racism of the south created in and by the enslavement of African Americans and the entrenching of bias to do so)

Fun topic. I know.

I am not here to make some major statement, I am here to create for us all a model for how slight reality adjustments create expensive bias. The moral quality of this topic is neither here nor there. What is important is that it was a shift in reality. You could call it a lie. A lie is a moral item and therefor, the bias becomes a moral object. Here is a simpler version.

Incentive – Adjustment – Conflict – Consequences

Many things in history we should learn from. Yes. Many other things we should simply observe, record and try to understand. This particular topic, we can learn a lot from. Especially about problematic bias and how intensely we create them.

Let’s make a modern business application of this simple concept.

Incentive = Increase user traffic and ad revenue.

Adjustment = Increase emotional intensity of headlines even if they become irrelevant to the content of the story.

Conflict = Readers call out “fake news” as stories no longer appear to have bases in reality.

Double Down = Find stories that allow for adjustments that drive user traffic and thus ad rev.

Bias Creation = Readers forget the first adjustment and begin to read polarizing stories which were fielded only for their ability to generate traffic and ad rev through emotional response.

Decision Collision = No idea how this plays out honestly. Maybe in cycles paired to election years?

Consequences = In the age of incredible connectivity and a glorious revolution of accessible information, we’ve soiled both in pursuit of ad revenue.

We now live in a world where Huffington Post became the model for “real news” and journalistic integrity is an expensive hoop to jump through.

I am in not so much comparing the severity of one situation to another. Enslavement of African Americans and media outlet pursuit of ad rev. I am simply highlighting the similar train of thought that has been problematic in both cases. Both will no doubt create fallout and destroy a great human asset.

This pattern of thinking happens constantly in society. I don’t trade markets, I trade people, their beliefs and my own. Therefor, this is very meaningful information to me. It’s meaningful not only because I am exploiting it intraday but because, as a risk manager myself I want to work hard to protect myself from the risk that exposure to this type of thinking produces.

A nudge here. A nudge there.

It all adds up. Often, we don’t want to admit it because we may be embarrassed. We may experience financial consequences. We may just prefer what looks like a more efficient method.

More likely, we’re desperate.

This is where need comes in. Need creates in each of us the desire to round the corners. Nudge the lines. Average things out a bit or in some cases, defend what is fully corrupt. The south was desperate to keep their wealth growing. In the early 2010’s media outlets were desperate to keep funding as readers moved away from print media and towards online. Outlets like the LA Times were bought and sold in rapid succession only to slip into irrelevance in the wake of the new media model built on hype, political polarization and a race to be the first to publish regardless of accuracy.

This is not about a high moral horse either. It’s simply an observation of the reality of human thinking as it applies to incentives and our willingness to manipulate reality to benefit us short term.

Why is it important?

Humans are driven by incentive. Everything you and I do is based on incentive. By default, human decisions will move towards the easiest decision with greatest incentive unless there is reason to override this baseline reasoning. I highlight this in order to create reason to override.

Staying Power

There are few more important concepts in life and business. The fastest out the gate is rarely the winner at the end.

A car crash happens the moment a driver commits to the behavior that produces the crash. It’s a dead-man walking situation. In markets and in life, there are lots of dead-man walking situations. People commit to an idea because it produces short term results but fail to see the longer term consequences and therefor, have resigned to their own long term failure despite producing short term positivity.

Putting on a trade where you don’t have a plan to take the stop is a simple and clear dead-man walking situation no matter how far it goes your way first. I micro version of the above.

It’s not over till it’s over.

I have seen, as I am sure you have as well, many great players play for a time and fall away. This doesn’t signal the end for them but it does signal a reset. I am all for a redemption story but it must be noted that the cost of redemption is far more than the cost of correction. This is all we’re really talking about.

It is cheap to correct and expensive to redeem.

Bias is after all, the one cardinal sin of trading. The one act or thought that must be paid for. The market will reveal it. It will not leave a debt. I offer this idea up simply as a lens to potentially view your own bias, my own bias.

The goal should always be to complete the race and to do it with as many friends as possible. We lose a few, we gain a few. Life’s primary goal should be to help as many finish well as you can.

Modeling for Non-Quants

You do not need to be a genius to have a great system. You certainly don’t need to be pinned to an eight monitor super computer to see what you should be trading. The gift of a clear and complete model for your trading is that you no longer become a moving piece of the market. You are fixed. In place. This gives you a great advantage as you simply look for trades to come to you. Here’s how you set up your own model if you are like me… a non-quant.

The Goal

The goal of a model is to contextualize price for you in a way that allows you to both manage risk and exploit opportunity. To do this it must take in some basic factors. While those factors are reasonably fixed, the way you read them is fully dependent on your primary edge, read and what you find compelling in markets.

Each one of the following should be simple, clear and easy to read. They each exist in one of two states. Clear and unclear. You simply need to see how each node triggers a clear or unclear reading and move down the chain. With a simple system, this can be very quick and easy to do.

Some Assumptions

I trade intraday futures and some stocks. I trade a small timeframe. Five minute and lower. I do not trade options. While this information can be applied to swings, options and futures, you may find that some data adjustments are needed to fit your specific needs.

Trend v Range

On a larger timeframe, are we in range or trend?
This can be daily, hourly or whatever timeframe meets your needs. You don’t need more than this and this data point should inform your execution questions which are simply, fade or follow. I simply use daily bars and previous day high and low to get a sense of trend v range.


This is a fairly common term in today’s more advanced circles and it should be. Let’s define not what it is but what it is for.

Structure should give you a sense of how much your market typically moves (atr) and based on these distances, where interactions may change. You should always know how much your product can move and realistically, where it may begin to transition. It’s simple a projection tool for trend v range.


Momentum is just a technical term for the markets emotional intensity. I use two items to understand this. Item one is simply the previous day’s close v current day’s open. Buyer/Seller strength is clearly measured by gaps and if they fill v if they do not. More than that, it tells us of the “mood” of the market for that day.

My second item I use here is simply an opening range. I use a modified fifteen minute opening range. When I say modified it’s simply because I do not care about the high/low as much as the open/close. I always ask the same two questions about it.

  1. Are the open/close values near the high/low values?
  2. What is the distance between the open/close values?

This simply shows me how the RTH gap might be relating to the RTH trading session. A good model will give you these three dimensional concepts as you move towards execution. For an intraday trader, RTH momentum for the current session is critical.

Again, the aim of this node is to give us a sense of trend v range on an intraday chart. It’s functioning as a projection for participant behavior.


Never forget this. A market is just positions. As we now narrow into execution, we need a way of taking advantage of other people’s positions to give us access to bigger ideas. For this, I use a combination of price action, technical analysis and some order flow. This is truly the “whites of the eyes” element of trading. In the previous nodes, you are getting estimations, generalizations and such. In this node, we need to be truly specific.

There continues to be no need to complicate this. Range v trend is still primary. You should be able to simply see where people are positioned and when they are wrong.


In a constant pursuit of range v trend, we simply need a few tools that tell us the mood of each timeframe as we move towards taking advantage of other people’s positions. This can be done with price alone. I however use a few additional tools laid over price that act as shorthand for these concepts and give me a quick sense of things without overthinking.

The reality is, you will be wrong. This is the advantage a non-quant has over a quant.

When you keep trading “loose” and release the need for perfect results, you open up an advantage not many have. You are now operating with a high level of executional edge without the mental block of “being right”. With these in mind, you can both develop a model that works and trade it without massive pressure and self criticism.

A key belief that I have as trader is this:

It’s not the model or strategy that makes money. It’s the trader who trades it. You must take a model and make it profitable. This is done only through consistent observation of the model through a feedback loop.